While Josef Albers’ Bauhaus colleagues Klee and Kandinsky are household names, Albers himself has remained inscrutable. He is best known as the painter of the Homages to the Square, ‘the dish I serve my craziness about colour in’ – a series of over two thousand tightly controlled experiments in the interaction of colour. Yet he did not begin these pictures until he was in his sixties, already several decades into his career as an artist, maker and theorist, much of it pursued in the United States following the Nazi dissolution of the Bauhaus in 1933.
The son of a painter and decorator, Albers was fascinated by the everyday: his early Homages are in unmixed oil paint applied to fibreboard using a palette knife, the outer squares scumbled, their insistently handmade surfaces belying the series’ apparent austerity. They are stark, but also deeply romantic.
Misunderstanding of the Homages reflects a wider misreading of Albers’ life and work. He was married to the influential weaver and textile artist Anni Albers, and his papers include letters from fellow artists John Cage, Robert Rauschenberg, Richard Serra and Eva Hesse; colleagues such as Buckminster Fuller and Philip Johnson; and fans and collectors ranging from the composer Virgil Thomson to the cartoonist Saul Steinberg. If his network of influence was surprisingly wide, so, too, were his interests. Albers started life at the Bauhaus as a glassmaker, ran their renowned wallpaper workshop, and designed furniture that is still in production eighty years later. He pioneered the study of colour at Black Mountain College, organized its famed ‘Summer Sessions’ with guest tutors from Willem de Kooning to Merce Cunningham, and went on to head the design department at Yale.
Drawing on extensive unpublished writings, documents and illustrations, Charles Darwent offers a broad view of not only the artistic and political currents, but also the friendships and rivalries that formed the backdrop to Albers’ hugely influential creative output.
'Lively, lucid, compelling and revealing, offering fascinating insights into Albers – as artist and teacher – while convincingly reframing his place at the heart of modernism on both sides of the Atlantic'
Frances Morris, Director of Tate Modern
'Charles Darwent examines not just Albers’s artwork … but how he became probably the most important art teacher of the century'
Sunday Times, Art Books of the Year
'Casts new light on the man whose art wasn’t valued highly until he was in his seventies … provides a sense of Albers’ tremendous imaginative stamina: his ideas remained cutting-edge for six decades'
'Carefully researched and engagingly written … fascinating … beautifully designed'
The Art Newspaper
'A sedulously researched and urgent guide to its subject’s art, his vexed professional life and his somewhat ummoving personality'
'Darwent is a highly engaging writer on the visual arts. … Albers lived through a remarkable period, mixing with some extraordinary people'
'A revealing read, leading to a deeper understanding of Albers's life and his impact on the landscape of art'
Arts Society Magazine
'Darwent is a thorough chronicler of this long and complex life, and it is in the moments of critical insight that his text soars'
'Charles Darwent’s biography gives the German-born American artist and teacher his due [and] makes a strong case for an artist who was not as recognized as fellow Bauhaus teachers … A gruff yet caring teacher, a ladies’ man and a daily Mass-going Catholic, both jealous of and generous with his peers, Albers steps convincingly from these pages'
The Washington Post
'Drawing on previously untapped archival sources, in addition to five years spent at the Albers Foundation, Darwent has assembled a wealth of historical material … a lean and cohesive narrative that is a pleasure to read'
The Burlington Magazine
'Brings Albers to life'